7 of the Most Endangered Species in Texas

Whooping Crane

The Whooping Crane is one of the rarest birds in North America, and its population has been critically endangered for decades. These cranes are known for their distinctive white plumage and whooping calls.

Houston Toad

The Houston Toad is a small, rare amphibian endemic to Texas. Found primarily in the sandy soils of the Lost Pines region, its population has declined dramatically due to habitat destruction, urbanization


The Ocelot is a small, nocturnal wild cat native to the dense thornscrub of South Texas. With fewer than 100 individuals estimated to remain in the state, the Ocelot faces threats from habitat fragmentation

Attwater's Prairie Chicken

This ground-dwelling bird once thrived in the coastal prairies of Texas and Louisiana. Now critically endangered, fewer than 100 individuals remain in the wild due to extensive habitat loss from agriculture

Texas Hornshell

The Texas Hornshell is a freshwater mussel found in the Rio Grande and its tributaries. Pollution, water extraction, and dam construction have led to significant declines in its population.

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

This small woodpecker inhabits the pine forests of East Texas. It is endangered due to the loss of old-growth pine habitat, fire suppression, and logging. Conservation efforts include habitat management

Golden-cheeked Warbler

Endemic to Central Texas, the Golden-cheeked Warbler relies on the juniper-oak woodlands for breeding. Habitat loss due to urbanization, land clearing, and fragmentation has led to its endangered status.